68 từ viết tắt hay gặp trong kiểm thử phần mềm

68 từ viết tắt hay gặp trong kiểm thử phần mềm

IEEE: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers – is a professional association with its corporate office in New York City and its operations center in Piscataway, New Jersey. (After ieee.org)

ISTQB:  International Software Testing Qualification Board

AUT: Application under Test

SUT: System under Test

UAT: User Acceptance Test

API: Application Programming Interface (known as API Testing)

BVT: Build Verification Test (after ISTQB Glossary)

CMMI: Capability Maturity Model Integration

CASE: Computer Aided Software Engineering (after ISTQB Glossary)

CAST: Computer Aided Software Testing (after ISTQB Glossary)

CLI: Command-Line Interface (known as CLI Testing)

COTS: Commercial Off-the-shelf (after ISTQB Glossary)

CCB: Configuration Control Board

CCB: Change Control Board

CTP: Critical Testing Processes

XSS: cross-site scripting

FDP: Fault Detection Percentage

DMZ: Demilitarized Zone

DOS: denial of service

EMTE: Equivalent Manual Test Effort

FMEA: Failure Mode and Effect Analysis

FMECA: Failure Mode, Effects, and Criticality Analysis

FTA: Fault Tree Analysis

FPA: Function Point Analysis

GQM: Goal Question Metric

GUI: Graphical User Interface (known as GUI Testing)

IDS: Intrusion Detection System

LCSAJ: Linear Code Sequence And Jump (After ISTQB Glossary)

SSH: Secure Shell

MTBF: Mean Time Between Failures

MTTR: Mean Time To Repair

MBT: Model-based Testing

RUP: Rational Unified Process

XP: Extreme Programming – is a software development methodology which is intended to improve software quality and responsiveness to changing customer requirements. (After Wiki)

IDEAL: Initiating, Diagnosing, Establishing, Acting and Learning – is an organizational improvement model that serves as a roadmap for initiating, planning, and implementing improvement actions.

RACI: Responsible, Accountable, Consulted, and Informed. It’s a matrix describing the participation by various roles in completing tasks or deliverables for a project or process. It is especially useful in clarifying roles and responsibilities. (After ISTQB Glossary)

SMART: A methodology whereby objectives are defined very specifically rather than generically. SMART is an acronym derived from the attributes of the objective to be defined: Specific, Measurable, Attainable, Relevant and Timely.

DDP: Defect Detection Percentage – the number of defects found by a test phase, divided by the number found by that test phase and any other means afterwards.

DLL: Dynamic Link Library. It is a kind of file that contains specific code that many programs can share. (theo Lifewire)

PDCA: Plan-Do-Check-Act. It is a repetitive four-stage model for continuous improvement (CI) in business process management. (theo techtarget)

SPI: Software Process Improvement (after CMMI)

STEP: Systematic Test and Evaluation Process

TMM: Testing Maturity Model

TMMi: Test Maturity Model integration

TPA: Test Point Analysis

TPG: Test Process Group (after CMMI)

TDD: Test-driven Development

DDD: Data-driven Development

DDD: Database Design Document

DDD: Detailed Design Document

WBS: Work Breakdown Structure (after CMMI)

UAT: User Acceptance Test

ST: System Testing

CI: Continuous Improvement

CI: Configuration Item

CR: Change Request

COQ: Cost of Quality

DOM: Document Object Model

ORD: Object Relationship Diagram

QA: Quality Assurance

QC: Quality Control

QMS: Quality Management System

SDK: Software Development Kit

SRR: Software Requirements Review

V&V: Verification and Validation

UML: Unified Modeling Language

URI: Uniform Resource Identifier

URL: Uniform Resource Locator


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