PMP: Project vs Operation – THÍCH BLOG

PMP: Project vs Operation

  • Project: temporary, unique, aligned with strategic objectives, with a defined outcome (product, service or result)
  • Operation: ongoing, repetitive, vital to sustaining the business

According PMBOK® Guide, “Project” and “Operation” are defined differently:

  • Project: A project is a temporary endeavor that is taken to create a unique deliverable (namely: product, service or result).
    • A project must be unique and non-recurring, i.e. every project is different.
    • Every project has a definite begin and end date.
    • The ultimate aim of projects are to achieve/align with the strategic objectives of the organization, e.g. improve efficiency, introduce new products, enhance current products, etc.
    • The end products for a project can be a new product, improved products, enhanced operation procedures, etc.
    • Examples: develop a new PMP® Exam reference book, create a new PMP® online training course, prepare for the PMP® Exam
  • Operation: Operations are routine ongoing activities/tasks for the organization.
    • Operations must adhere to pre-defined steps/procedures.
    • Operations carry on indefinitely until a change is introduced.
    • All normal business functions of the organization are considered operations.
    • Operations are necessary to sustain the business.
    • Examples: printing of PMP® Exam books, delivering online PMP® Exam training to Aspirants, accounting/staffing/sales management

On the other hand, “Project” and “Operation” do carry some similarities:

  • They both have to take limited resources into accounts.
  • Both projects and operations are performed by people/human resources.
  • Both involve execution and control (e.g. quality control).

Ho Nguyen

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